Eye diseases in dogs

 BVA eye panel :  We currently screen for the following inherited eye diseases:


Congenital/Neonatal eye conditions (inherited conditions present at birth):


(CEA) Collie eye anomaly

(MRD) Multifocal retinal dysplasia

(TRD) Total retinal dysplasia

(CHC) Congenital hereditary cataract

(PHPV) Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous

(PLA) Pectinate ligament abnormality


Inherited conditions that develop later in life:


(HC) Hereditary cataract

(PLL) Primary lens luxation

(POAG) Primary open angle glaucoma

(PRA) Progressive retinal atrophy

(RPED) Retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy



Other eye conditions which may be identified during the examination include:



Ectopic cilia




Combined entropion/ectropion

Corneal lipid deposition

Ocular Melanosis

Persistent pupillary membrane

Various lens conditions

Various retinal conditions

Optic nerve hypoplasia

Multi-ocular defects

There are two types of inherited glaucoma, Primary Closed Angle Glaucoma (PCAG/PACG) and Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG).

The examination for PCAG/PACG is called gonioscopy and if you wish to have this completed, please make the request when booking your appointment. Gonioscopy is not required for the diagnosis of POAG.


CHS offers litter screening for congenital hereditary conditions such as collie eye anomaly and multifocal retinal dysplasia, when the puppies are 5 to 12 weeks old.


 DNA tests are available for some inherited diseases and their complimentary use with routine clinical examination gives you a complete overview your dogs’ eye health.

What are the signs?

The signs of eye disease vary depending on the specific condition and between individual dogs and breeds. Some visible signs may include:



Dilated pupil


Cloudy appearance


Which breeds are commonly at risk?

All dogs, including crossbreeds are at risk of suffering from eye disease.

Common breeds at risk are:


Border Collie

Cocker Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

French Bulldog

Golden Retriever


Labrador Retriever

Miniature Schnauzer


Many other breeds suffer from eye disease, visit the Kennel Club Breed Information Centre for further information.

Details for results by breed can be found on here